Democracy is a system of government that bases its legitimacy on the participation of the people. These two words form the word democracy which means rule by the people. It is practiced in Switzerland which approves laws using a single majority in the town, city, and canton levels and a double majority in the national level. The Supreme Court and, indeed, lower courts too can determine which laws are constitutional and has the power to uphold or overturn laws it judges to be unconstitutional. Thus in a country, any form of direct democracy is only possible in individual communities.
Depending on the type of democracy, citizens may either pass laws themselves, or elect representatives who will do the job for them. Even if the minorities are oppressed, it is essentially the role of the state to make sure they are provided security, along with their basic rights as well as equal opportunity in all spheres of life. However, republics differ widely, with some operating under a presidential system, where the people directly or nearly-directly elect a president who is the head of the government; a parliamentary system, where the people elect a legislature who decides the executive branch; and even constitutional and parliamentary monarchies that tend to behave as republics but often have royal figureheads. People elect their representatives to take decisions on government policies. In a representative democracy, the role of the citizens is mostly limited to taking part in general elections and giving the vote to their preferred candidates. Representative Democracy has demerits like Negligence in voting whereas; Negligence in voting are the disadvantages of Direct Democracy Compare Representative Democracy vs Direct Democracy Structure: When you compare Representative Democracy vs Direct Democracy structure the factors to be considered are majority rule, succession, presence of parliament and constitution. Athenian was a direct democracy.
Furthermore, if you look at how to organise the most direct element of modern democracies: the referendum. Imagine being able to pass legislation and to let and dismiss the executive to run the country. Most western countries have representative systems. So in order for these fearful people to voice their opinions they must get together in smaller, less tensions groups, where they are not as timid to say as they wish to see happen. The ancient democracies in which the people themselves deliberated never possessed one good feature of government. However, the legislature may override the president's veto if it can muster enough votes. It is impossible to reach an agreement without discussion, because it is not right to think that everybody will have the same opinion on all matters.
Numerous important reforms were made by the leader Solon and then Cleisthenes. But, it is very possible, that through discussion an agreement could be reached by all members. At the heart of Australian democracy are the core defining values of: freedom of election and being elected; freedom of assembly and political participation; freedom… 1142 Words 5 Pages Liberal democracies, are defined as the system in which governmental body operate under the principle of individual rights and work to protect them regardless of religion, sect, ethnicity etc. A republic is a democracy in which mob rule has an extra barrier. Liberal democracies are thought to be secular in nature and generally do not account for religions or ethnicities rather they promote a certain nationalistic perspective throughout the state. Anonymous comments 5 January 29, 2014, 3:47pm Ben Franklin said It's a Republic, if you can keep it.
Some other officials, such as mayors, may or may not be directly elected. Since constitutional law cannot be altered by state legislatures, this direct democracy component gives the people an automatic superiority and sovereignty, over representative government Magelby, 1984. The question we ask is how can someone make sound judgments about American democracy if they have no knowledge of the alternatives? And also, very often what is good for these organisations is good for the whole of society. They usually aren't; usually a republic is a type of representational democracy with some checks and balances enshrined in the constitution that safeguard the rights of minorities. However, direct democracy is not the perfect method to produce a union of the community. The number of countries that follow the representative form of democracy is testimonial to its effectiveness. Each community has 3 main administrative structures: 1 the commissariat, in charge of day-to day administration; 2 the council for land control, which deals with forestry and disputes with neighboring communities; and 3 the agencia, a community police agency.
The United States' formal democratic institutions are considerably different from those of most other democracies. Countries who are currently struggling with their finances will never be able to follow such an approach as it would heavily strain their resources and bring down the overall productivity in the country. The chief executive, the president, is elected for a fixed term and cannot be removed except by extraordinary measures. Libertarian socialists such as anarcho-communists and anarcho-syndicalists advocate direct democracy. Its most basic characteristics are freedom and equality.
Variations Direct democracy, parliamentary democracy, representative democracy, presidential democracy. Politicians have more time, more education and more experience than the population on average, so they should be able to make better decisions. One of the most essential duties of the state is to guarantee the rights of minorities. The system allows the mob to overrule the decisions made by the government, refusing any consistent social contracts between the citizens. Due to the short lifespan of the Commune, only one citywide election was held and the structures necessary to facilitate future organized elections on large scales was largely nonexistent. Here, all the people of the government come together raises issues, enter into discussions to come up with a decision which is agreeable to all. These three characteristics are participation — widespread participation in the decision making process by the people affected; deliberation — a rational discussion where all major points of view are weighted according to evidence; and equality — all members of the population on whose behalf decisions are taken have an equal chance of having their views taken into account.
We are a constitutional republic. Many countries, tribes, and cultures had at least some democratic or republican procedures. We are no longer either a republic or a democracy. They may propose laws that can benefit the community that they represent. In governments that have large populations, having a direct democracy can be difficult.
A common passion or interest will be felt by a majority, and there is nothing to check the inducements to sacrifice the weaker party. Modern democracies, being representative, not direct, do not resemble the Athenian system. Although they excluded women, slaves and foreigners from voting, everyone else was required to vote on all major issues. Their very character was tyranny; their figure, deformity. This type of democracy can, however, work when there is a small area to be administered, and the population of the area is also very small. The way democracy is organized is determined by the ideas of being direct or indirect. Websites like this should be edited and updated to teach people how things actually work, and why it must be fixed.
People today are apathetic and distrustful about politics, which is very unhealthy for a democracy. In order for any individual to indulge in a causal contract with other members of the society, it is necessary that they feel that they… 1410 Words 6 Pages limit the types of representatives being discussed to formal representatives only — that is, only to those representatives who hold elected or public offices. In a democratic country, every citizen has one vote, that can be cast in favour or against the government policy. Here is the website where I got this information from. A direct democracy or pure democracy is a form of government wherein the citizens have a direct in the formulation of laws and issues that affect them while a representative democracy is a form of government wherein its citizens vote for or elect a representative to represent them in Congress or the Senate. The elected representatives have to walk a tightrope taking decisions so as to satisfy the maximum number of people in their constituencies. Direct vs Representative Democracy Democracy is a of government wherein citizens are allowed to govern themselves by letting them participate in the formulation and passage of laws and in deciding what is best for them.