The United States constitution and state laws have putin place measures which are meant to protect minor offenders or juveniledelinquents are tried as minors and the. With the ruling of Ex Parte Crouse, the state took ultimate responsibility that they create one of the most vulnerable and defenseless persons of our society. How do the courts justify these disparities in enforcement? In my faithfulness, I will reward them and make an everlasting covenant with them. As a result, the contemporary juvenile justice system is similar in many ways to criminal courts. Many aspects of waiving juveniles into adult court are universally controversial, but a few need to be addressed; and they include: an explanation for circumstances when a waiver is necessary, waiver petition procedure, finally legal implications of sentencing juveniles to adult facilities. For instance; if an adult is arrested, they will be subject to a bail hearing. A majority of the youths that are placed in these facilities pose little or no threat to the public and essentially do not need to be there.
Juveniles with Mental Disorders Juvenile justice system deals with young offenders suffering from mental disorders. Deterrence is seen as a successful outcome of punishment Reiman, 2006. The first juvenile court was established in Chicago in 1899. The American legal system is designed to respond child sexual abuse cases and plays an important role in legislation. However to what extent the laws and penalties used towards the youth of today has been a major focus of many criminologists and organizations around the nation. According to Hartjen 2000 , the juvenile justice system has a role to play in offering the adolescent deliquescent a chance to learn about their behaviors.
Juvenile offenders are minors who have been charged for being involved in crimes or being suspected to have taken part in crimes. Historically, the focus of juvenile justice system has shifted from punishment to rehabilitation and back again. However, this is not wise, since usually, the age of these juvenile delinquents is between 10 and 18. According to August Aichhorn in his book, Wayward Youth, the only thing that can either prevent or reverse the process of a child showing. The control for selection of what classifies as juvenile delinquency, therefore, shifts slightly towards the public.
Youth violence has increased due to alterations in parenting practices and a major shift in family life and technological advancements and I believe that a more rehabilitative program should be incorporated including prevention programs for high risk youth, sanctions and accountability for serious offenders Menson, 2001. Throughout the following 50 years, the courts have evolved to a significantly different form from the rest of the system. These are juveniles being tried as adults, and something has to change and change fast. Punishment and rehabilitation The juvenile justice system aims at the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders. However, some young offenders need evaluations by clinical practitioners as a continuation to probation, though less research has analyzed the effectiveness and efficiency of these evaluations in offering relevant data to the courts. The tighter the courts around the nation would be, the quicker the state can study and find these repeat offenders.
Attorneys, and the office of Justice Programs and its five program bureaus, has developed an extraordinary network of programs and services to help States and local communities throughout the Nation prevent delinquency and deal with juvenile offenders in the most constructive ways possible. In his study of child sexual abuse Russell 1984 noted that 44 of the 930 women she surveyed had been sexually assaulted, but only 8 reported the incident. The overall picture of juvenile criminal system suggest that child victims of sexual crimes are treated in a distinct way from juvenile victims of other crimes. According to the Annual Summary Report done by the North Carolina Department of Justice and the State Bureau of Investigation, in 2012, approximately 36,000 juveniles were arrested in the state of North has room for improvement, but the juvenile justice system can be altered by adding in possible solutions of what can be done to help this problem in American society. This is a person who is below eighteen years of age.
However, there is research that has linked truancy and future delinquency. The justice system did not always have a special category for juveniles and their crime. Feld 1993 defined rehabilitation as therapies and programs, which allow a juvenile criminal to return to the society as a contributing individual. At national, state, and local levels, there is increasing recognition of the importance of identifying and responding to the mental health needs of youths in the juvenile justice system, as policymakers and practitioners struggle to find ways to address causes and correlates of juvenile crime and delinquency. It outlines the challenges faced by the legislation and movements and their implications in addressing the issues of the juvenile justice system. This approach involved, among others, reduced confidentiality for trial hearings which characterized the traditional juvenile justice system and contextual-based referral for criminal courts and adult correctional sanctioning in sharp contrast to the 1974 Act.
Nor does it provide the personalized services and approach of juvenile justice. According to Grisso 2008 , screening may reduce these disparities if it reduces errors related to discretionary decisions. This will finally lead to other stages of prosecution and verdict given by the judge. Since the seventeenth century the American Juvenile Justice history can be divided into five periods. I will be discussing many aspects within the justice systems. Charging juveniles as adult has always been a debate, because of their thinking process and protecting their rights.
The unpleasant nature of punishment acts as a deterrent to unacceptable behavior. Identify and analyze the method you feel best addresses juvenile delinquency regarding reducing future recidivism. Whether you are a probation officer, judge, lawyer, counselor or clinician, all of these professions must understand the various fields that make up the juvenile justice system. Most of the criticism refers to the tendency to handle juvenile cases in the adult criminal justice and lockup systems, which may lead to increased criminal activities rather than reducing it. The underlying rationales of the juvenile court system are that youth are developmentally different from adults and that their behavior is malleable. The Need and Importance of the Juvenile Justice System. Children under the age of seven could not be found guilty of a crime.
The terminology can be very different between the two systems. Juvenile offenders have been treated differently from adults for around six hundred years. In this case, children are not even responsible for their actions. Law enforcement Today 's concept of the juvenile justice system is relatively new due to significant modifications in policy overtime. Nevertheless, we should rethink and adjust the policies in reference to empirical evidence, in order to achieve the highest effectiveness of preventing juvenile offenders to lifetime criminals. Such needs include mental health problems. According to Ferdinand 2000 , punishment is not an appropriate tool for preventing crimes because it does not address the reason why an offender committed an offense.
The juvenile offender faces a hearing, rather than a trial, which incorporates his social history as well as legal factors Hayward, 2004. Acting in the best interests of the child, in most situations, suggests that the goal of the courts is rehabilitation so that juveniles can become productive members of the community. According to the survey of The National Victimization Statistics, juveniles are the most victimized part of population. Yet, as many as 52-57 of juvenile delinquents continue to. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32 4S , pp. Failure to do the above will lead to an increased clogging of female offenders in correctional centers Menson, 2001. Citizens, who take the initiative to call the police to act, assist much of this detection.