Thus, production control regulates the orderly flow of materials in the manufacturing process from the raw material stage to the finished product. Dispatching: Dispatching is the routine of setting productive activities in motion through the release of orders and instructions, in accordance with previously planned time and sequence, embodied in route sheet and schedule charts. Especially when the information requires confidentiality. Production department manufacture products according to that plan. Planning Phase The completed job ticket, or its equivalent, is the key to this phase of the production planning and control system.
Studying and examining the opportunities of the available resources will help in constructing a business plan which will be profitable. In addition, to maintain business' efficiency and effectiveness, it is important to develop and implement appropriate business controls through an assurance process based on a publish statement of compliance with relevant laws and business principles. Some organizations stress on people approaches which includes alterations in attitudes, motivation and behavioral skills. To achieve economy in production cost and time. The amount and quantity involved in machine-work against manpower is determined and put to plan. The follower is accountable for observing that any detail which is ignored or not correctly executed is set right.
In mixed stock and custom the problem of control is further complicated due to simultaneous scheduling of combined process. This stage is concerned with process design new processes and developments, equipment policy and replacement and work flow Plant layout. Stage 2: Planning This is a phase where a complete analysis on routing, estimating and scheduling is done. This is the function of loading, and it results in a tabulated list or chart showing the planned utilization of the machines or workstations in the plant. The business, in order to effectively execute any business strategy or plan, should be able to determine first and identify the resources that are available in the company. It establishes when the components and parts are needed, to make each end product.
Objectives of Production Control The success of an enterprise greatly depends on the performance of its production control department. To make all arrangements to remove possible obstacles in the way of smooth production. Factors Determining Production Control Operations The nature of production control operations varies from organization to organization. It co-ordinates all of the necessary production information and production aids, including methods, times, materials and tools, it directs and checks on the course and progress of work and closes the records when work on an order has been completed. The Lean Value Chain of Production System Model below illustrates how companies at present gain competitive advantage by adding value to the overall operation of the organization through efficient production system 2006.
It helps in inventory control. The degree to which the performance of an activity should be decentralized depends upon the scope of operations and convenience of their locations. Its value to production planning and control is that it will indicate future trends in demand for manufactured product. It determines when an operation is to be performed, or when work is to be completed; the difference lies in the detail of the scheduling procedure. To improve efficiency, production managers use a variety of tools, such as the Gantt chart. Production may be expensive and wasteful also in its absence. Production Control Once the production plan is implemented, keeping the processes under check and in a straight line becomes production control.
Prepared production plan is delivered to production department. . In some instances re-planning is necessary to ensure the effective utilization of the manufacturing facilities and personnel. Production control also regulates inventory management and organizes the production schedules Nakkiran, 2006. It is the measurement of output against plan, analysis of performance for deficits and following up the line management to apply corrective action for excessive underperformance. Dispatchingis involved in checking the immediate availability of materials.
Planning and control are an essential ingredient for success of an operation unit. A proper control system has to be in place for the best utilization of resources and information before production and analyzing and appraising the performance of labor and equipment after the production is complete. Once overall sequence are fixed, then the standard time of operations are noted using work measurement technique. It is the group that coordinates and translates planning into actual production. To ensure that orders are met and that production targets and schedules are achieved in quantity, quality and cost.
This in turn will also be profitable to the organization itself due to increased output of the work force. This is the measure to be used by managers in determining compliance with the standard and in identifying problems met by the employees in meeting the standard. For work in process inventory aggregate planningcan find the optimal plan. Measurement of Effectiveness In determining the effectiveness of a production planning and control system, there are quite a few problems. Dispatching Authorizing the start of an operation on the shop floor is the function of dispatching. Definition of Production Control All organizations irrespective of size, use production control to some degree. It has to see that production process is properly decided in advance and it is carried out as per the plan.