It extends 900 km 560 mi with many peaks rising above 1,000 m 3,300 ft. These Great Northern Plains consist of the Indus basin, the Ganga-Brahmaputra basin and the tributaries of these mighty river systems. India's physical features include the Himalayan mountains, the Indo-Gangetic Plain and finally the plateau region. Some consider it to be only 4000 to 10,000 years old, whereas others state that aridity started in this region much earlier. The Ganga Brahmaputra basin is larger of the two and covers a large number of states in northern India.
They consist of twelve atolls, three reefs, and five submerged banks, with a total of about 35 islands and islets. Most of the rivers of this plateau flow northward into the river Yamuna. When tectonic plates move away from each other, they are called diverging plates. The plains are divided into six regions—the Mahanadi delta, the southern Andhra Pradesh plain, the Krishna-Godavari deltas, the coast, the , and sandy coastal. Archived from on 28 September 2007. The Himalayas broadly consist of three parallel ranges of mountains - the Himadri, the Himachal and the Shivaliks. The Himalaya mountains provide a home for some of India's rarest animals and plants.
India has significant sources of titanium ore, diamonds and limestone. It has no official religion, but more than 80 percent of Indians are Hindu. Their length is about 2,500 km and width varies from 230 to 400 km. The plains are flat making it conducive for through. One unique feature of this desert is that there is neither an oasis in it nor any artesian well.
The Lesser Himalayas with average peaks rising as high as 4000 metersThe Outer Himalayas or the Shiwalik RangeThe Eastern Hills or the Purvanchal covering North Bengal, and northernmost parts of the North Eastern states. Name the three major divisions of the Himalayas from north to south. Its total area is approximately 65,000 km 2 25,000 sq mi and is made up of three smaller plateaus—the Ranchi, Hazaribagh, and Kodarma plateaus. It was supposed to be one of the most stable land blocks. PowerPoint Presentation: The Peninsular plateau is flanked by stretch of narrow coastal strips, running along the Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on the east. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located between 6° and 14° north latitude and 92° and 94° east longitude. They are bigger in size and more numerous and scattered than the Lakshadweep Islands.
It has a number of lagoons, backwaters and raised beaches. These islands lie close to equator and experience equatorial climate and thick forest cover. India's economy is growing so fast that experts predict it will soon become one of the world's leading markets. Which are the major physiographic divisions of India? The Arabian Sea lies to the west of India, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean lie to the east and south, respectively. The Kedar Range of the Greater Himalayas rises behind Indian state of , which is one of the twelve.
Most peaks in the Himalayas remain snowbound throughout the year. You can see some Assignment : Physical Features of India sample questions with examples at the bottom of this page. The north-western part of the Great Plateau is made up of lava flows or the igneous rocks called Basalt, also known as Decan Trap. That landmass was divided into two landmasses, viz. Answer : a The Himalayan uplift out of the Tethys sea and subsidence of the Northern flank of the peninsular plateau resulted in the formation of a large basin.
The southern boundary of the Karakoram is formed by the , and Shyok rivers, which separate the range from the northwestern end of the Himalayas. Kavaratti Island is the administrative headquarters of Lakshadweep. The Sundarbans are intersected by a complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests. It splits up into a number of channels before falling into the Bay of Benagal beyond Kolkata. This plain is formed of alluvial soil.
Many parts of the Great Plateau are rich in minerals and the famous gold fields of Kolar, the uranium deposits of Tamil Nadu and Jharkhand, the manganese, iron ore and copper deposits of the north-east lie in the regions comprising this Great Plateau. Most of the region is drained by the Chambal River and its tributaries; the western part is drained by the upper reaches of the. Kavaratti Island is the administrative head-quarters of Lakshadweep. The eastern Ghats are discontinuous and are cut by the rivers. These were eventually exchanged in order to simplify the border. Its lies in the , , the and the salt marshes. It covers small area of 32 sq km.
Streams appear during rainy season. Finally, the plateau region covers the southern and central parts of the country. India possesses about seventeen trillion cubic feet of in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Odisha. The norhtern plains are the granaries of the country. They do not collide or crumble while moving away from each other. The Pitti Island, which is uninhabited, has a bird sanctuary. Answer : The major physiography divisions of India are : i The Himalayan Mountains ii The Northern Plains iii The Peninsular Plateau iv The Indian Desert v The Coastal Plains vi The Islands The Himalayan Region The Peninsular Plateau Young fold mountains made from the uplift of the strata formed bythe sedimentary rocks.
It has rainfed, seasonal rivers. Contrast the relief of the Himalayan region with that of the Peninsular plateau. Archived from on 8 December 2008. The eastern coastal plain, lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal, is wider and more leveled. The heavy southwest monsoon rains cause the Brahmaputra and other rivers to distend their banks, often flooding surrounding areas.